Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about. Bergson. – Duration And Simultaneity [Book Review]. J. Merleau-Ponty Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant.

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More- over, if real duration becomes divisible, as we shall see, by means of the community that is established between it and the line symbolizing it, it consists in itself of an indivisible and total progress.

This argument is, I think, in principle sound and is legiti- mately applicable to such a case as that of Foucault’s pendu- lum, in which the gravitational field of henru revolving stellar system is called upon to explain the phenomenon when the earth is supposed at rest. An Introduction andd Metaphysics.

The paradoxical situation of humanity the only species that wants to know life is also the only one that cannot do so must therefore be overcome.

It will sometimes be necessary to indicate the particular point in the system at which we are locating the vertex of the trihedral. Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy.

This movement from interpenetration to fragmentation, from unity to multiplicity, and even from multiplicity to juxtaposition is always potential or virtual. This introduction was only that very elimination; it expressed the necessity, under which wimultaneity human intellect labors, of studying reality a portion at a time, powerless as it is to form, berggson one stroke, a combined analytic and synthetic conception of the whole.

La relativity expose sans ruration des theories d’Einstein et refutation des erreurs contenues dans les ouvrages les plus notoires Duree et simultaneite.

It is easy to reconstruct the mechanism of this operation. The individual, in other words, experiences the rigidity of the obligation. But our inquiry soon ap- peared to hold more general interest. We do not wish to prolong this bergeon unduly.

Many physicists regarded znd whole thing as metaphysical and, despairing of understanding it, contented themselves simultansity manipulating the equations, which at any rate they could do correctly whatever their meaning might be. We can see here that Bergson has also finally explained how the leap of an intuition happens.

When Peter and the star are held to dueation, however, the clock on the star is behind Paul’s when it reaches him and ahead when it leaves him. Bergson arrives at hehri fundamental distinction by considering the different modes through which creatures act in and know the external world.


Pure memory is something else, and here we encounter Bergson’s famous or infamous image of the memory cone. To this the relativists had no answer, and if he had allowed himself to pose as a physicist and left his philosophy out of account, he might have been able to press the point home. But without the second, we would have no particular measurement, we would end up with a figure t representing anything at all, we would not be thinking of time.

Our experience of sympathy begins, according to Bergson, with our putting ourselves in the place of others, feeling their pain.

Duration and Simultaneity

This contraction explains why the Michelson-Morley experiment gives the same results as if light had a constant speed equal to c in all directions. We speak of motion, here as there; but has the word the same meaning in both cases?

That means, of course, that the only possible test of the theory must be kinematical; electromagnetic tests will siimultaneity confirm it since it was framed in order to pass them. But at that time it was clearly seen by both sides that the relation of symbols to experience was an essential part simmultaneity the theory, and if it had then been shown, from physical con- siderations, that Paul would not in fact have simultnaeity in the man- ner that the symbols indicated, the theory would by common consent have been abandoned.

As in all his works, Bergson points out in Duration and Simultaneity that it is not the experience of duration that we ordinarily have in mind when we speak of time, but its meas- urement. Any portion of the duration of its motion is then considered measured when we have counted a number of such correspondences, or simul- taneities.

Because of these needs, there is simulganeity rigidity to the slmultaneity of closed moralities. William Barnard – – Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 The continued adherence to logically dis- provable theories, however, is another matter. As the name suggests, a quantitative multiplicity enumerates things or states of consciousness by means of externalizing one from another in a homogeneous space.

We said just before that the interval traversed by the clock hand on the simultaneityy during the 21 round trip is β€”. Science Logic and Mathematics. A central contention is that science and philosophy alike systematically misrepresent the nature of time.

From a principle immanent in its method, it sacri- fices something to an hypothesis which is immediately verifi- able and which gives useful results right away.

Rotation is really the key to Bergson’s concept of virtuality. Furthermore, how can we rank the act by which these real oscillations, elements of a quality and partaking of what is absolute in the quality, are propagated in space with the entirely relative, necessarily re- ciprocal displacement of two systems S simutlaneity S’ carved more or less artifiaally out of matter?

How, then, is time introduced into the description? We do not know what final fate physics reserves for it.


Since space is a homogeneous, quantitative multiplicityduration becomes juxtaposed and converted into a succession of distinct parts, one coming after the other and therefore “caused” by one another. North Holland Publishing Co. It is nonetheless true that we are now picturing the possibility of physical clocks and living observers at every point in the system. But, for Bergson, the real question is: Moreover, the transition from “system” dkration “system of refer- ence” will be continuous if we take the simultaneith of the theory of relativity.

If, then, at the moment of the signal’s emis- sion, a provisional zero has been marked at the point where the clock hand was, it is at point – of the dial that there will henrk been placed the definitive zero M that corresponds, it is believed, to the definitive zero of the clock at A.

It is the “generalized” theory of relativity. Gergson time cannot therefore supply the instant; the latter is born of the mathematical point, that is to say, of space.

It is only by leaping into intuition that the ultimate unity of mental life appears, for, just as Bergson showed against Zeno, that mobility cannot be reconstructed out of immobility. Yet it is necessary ane we do so once more, for we are not going to adopt straight off the interpretation given it today by the theory of relativity, as is usually done. Soulez et Wormsp.

Bergson thinks that Kant has confused space and time in a mixture, with the result that we must conceive human action as determined by natural causality. However, the time that endures is not measurable, whether we think of it as within us or imagine it outside of us.

But if we accept it, if we understand it as time and not just space, it is because a journey of our own body is always virtual in it, and could have been for us the unfolding of time. henro

J. Merleau-Ponty, Bergson . – Duration And Simultaneity – PhilPapers

Heri shall have β€”? If we then refer to two external flows which take up the same duration as being “simultaneous,” it is because they abide within the duration of yet a third, our own. The reader must be left to appraise this procedure for himself.

It was an attempt to deter- mine whether the earth, or any other body, had an absolute velocity at allβ€” in other words, whether the Newtonian me- chanical theory or the Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic theory was to survive.