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Fiut, Ignacy Stanisław (1949- ).

Realna koncepcja, iluzja czy chwyt marketingowy? Are International Organisations Out of Date? The aim of the paper is to present the main global problems faced by the international institutions, how effectively they might be solved and the answer to the question whether the international organisations are out of date.

The author explains selected global problems that appear in the international system, presents aims and functions of global organisations, their power and potential as well as some actions aimed at solving global problems and assesses how effective they are.

Within conclusions the author observes that the effectiveness of international organisations evokes many objections.

There are many reasons for the lacking effectiveness. It is commonly said that the yesterday international organisations are not able to solve the present global problems. Too extended administrative structures, lack of flexibility in decision making or the financial incapability are recalled as examples for imperfections of international organisations.

The answer to the question whether the international organisations are out of date is not unanimous. In spite of the efforts undertaken in many fields by international organisations the existing problems have adqm been lifted yet. The advances made are insignificant in front of the current needs. Contradictions existing in the world have not yrobler mitigated to a satisfactory extent.

Does it mean that we have to say farewell to international organisations for good and with no regrets? The answer to the question formulated this way may be as follows: The existing global organisations that had been established after the World War II will have to take on reforms, and some of them do so at present.

Some of them will be forced out by gatherings like G-8 — more flexible, permitting free frobler of positions, facilitating negotiations and allowing for a variety of topics discussed. Even now we can say that the role of G-8 is considerable in the nquk.

The gronler presents an analysis of the position represented by three groups of international organisations: A thesis has been put forward that the emergence of the new development paradigms balanced development, durable development,sustainable development is to a vital extent an effect of international organisations mobilising to create efficient instruments of a global character that might serve solving the main environmental protection problems.

Within the conclusions the author states the following:. Over the recent years we can see clear advances in shaping the global awareness. People start to more and more realise both the advantages and dangers resulting from internationalisation of the economic and social life. A problem in the global dimension emerges as a result of a particular negative matter that spreads all over the world.

Remarks on Intended Models of Mathematical Theories

At the current stage of human civilisation, the global character of problems becomes a nearly constitutive feature. The majority of those problems are causally tied to each other and almost in each case have an egocentric axiological background.

Among many global problems connected to environmental protection two have been exposed in recent years: In fact, it has been metodoologia by the consecutive UN reports on the nzuk.

According to the report published on 30 March in London, the world natural resources are devastated in sixty per cent, and the environmental degradation has not yet been stopped, and advances. The present day challenges, and among them globalisation, influence law, and law influences globalisation.

Those interactions became subject of a legal analysis among others in relation to international organisations. The changes metodolpgia roles and ranks metodologiz international organisations are in fact a significant maker and a result of globalisation. The author analyses both the customary law related to international liability as well as metoologia works of the International Law Commission through the perspective of work on international-law liability of states.

Assessing the work of the International Law Commission we can state that it seems to be setting up a complete and uniform regulation that uses legislative techniques proven during works on liability of states.


We can presume metoologia the International Law Commission project will facilitate participation adaam international organisations in the international trade. It will also be a factor facilitating globalisation, and simultaneously it will help to cut its negative impacts through submitting — to a broader extent than so far — the international trade to legal framework. In terms of economic development, Asia and Pacific is at present the highest growing region of the world.

In spite of the enormous social, economic, rgobler and cultural differentiation of countries, the integration processes taking place in this region are very dynamic and multidimensional. Just now Asia and Pacific countries look for the own path of integration. Although regionalism is not a new issue, the integration processes in the analysed area are only at an early development stage.

They also significantly differ from similar processes occurring in Europe or South America. They particularly take place in totally different surroundings and under the big pressure of globalisation processes.

Forum Philosophicum – Volume 13, Issue 1 () – CEJSH – Yadda

It is impossible to directly use known and well analysed patterns, and the perspectives of regional development — the process measured over decades — are a big unknown. There is neither one strong centre nor a specialised institution that could oversee the coordination of integration processes.

Until now this role has been played by the Asian Development Bank. The author widely presents nakk and actions undertaken by the Asian Development Bank since the beginning of nineties of the XX century. The well extended and barely transparent system of institutions functioning in the EU is not self-made.

It was shaped as the result of the fifty five year activities of the European Communities.

Its framework was made by the treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community. It was equipped with grobleer time unprecedented competencies in decision making that directly bound the member states. The treaty founded also an intergovernmental body — Special Council of Ministers with significantly modest competencies than those given to the supranational High Authority.

Also an interparliamentary body — the Common Assembly and a tribunal — European Court of Justice were established. The High Authority was replaced by Commissions that simultaneously had been declined most of the supranational powers enjoyed by the Highest Authority. The main entities equipped with decision making competencies directly binding member states became councils and intergovernmental bodies representing member states.

The carefully shaped decision making system was in fact fully efficient when it regulated cooperation within a narrow grouping — limited to six member states — founders of the Communities. The author explains them broadly and points out changes that could make the EU decision making process more effective.

The process of liberalising forms, in which financial services are offered, carried out since sixties in the West European Countries gained on dynamics over the last two decades. In the paper, naul author analyses the potential influence of regulatory changes on the development of capital markets in countries that acceded to the EU in Within the conclusions the author states, that benefits that the EU gets from the integration of capital markets cheaper access to capital for issuers and better possibilities to locate financial surpluses may be lower than costs, and result in limited development of smaller exchanges in the EU limitations in development of innovative industries and slowing down of the economic growth due to the lacking or insufficient development of local capital markets.

The confirmation of this thesis might mean groblwr the implementation of the new regulatory changes is contradictory to the cohesion policy idea and the development of the innovative branches of the economy one of the priorities within the Lisbon Strategy. The paper examines the market for collective investment services in Poland and in selected European countries in and the third quarter of The basic information on investment funds has been presented, including the virtue of investment funds, kinds and general transactional rules, and further data on the number and net asset value of investment funds in Poland and in selected European countries in the period analysed.

The analysis allows a conclusion that in the number of investment funds as well as their net asset value increased and proves the increased interest in this form of investment in times of economic growth in the financial markets.

The increased interest in investment funds may be seen in Poland as well as other European countries. An analysis of data for the third quarter in comparison to data for shows how the global financial crisis influenced the particular markets. We can see a relatively smaller outflow of financial means from the well developed financial markets like France and Luxemburg. The analysis of asset value of funds located in selected European countries delivers a conclusion that the net asset share of investment funds located in these countries had increased.


The net asset share of investment funds located in countries with less developed financial markets had fallen, which can be seen on the example of Poland. The article analyses the phenomenon of industry-university collaboration in the global economy. The paper is embedded in the open innovation literature, which has been reviewed at the very beginning in order to facilitate an academic level discussion.

Special emphasis is put on social and technological networks and its effects on business and economic dynamics. The British Engineering Doctorate Programme is thoroughly examined in the further part of the article.

The major benefits for business and academia and the most typical areas of research are presented there. When the new Member States acceded to the European Union EU they committed themselves to introduce the single currency and join the euro area. So far only four new EU Member States have adopted the euro. On 1 January Slovenia launched the euro — the first of the newly acceded Member States to do so.

One year later, on 1 January Cyprus and Malta adopted the common European currency. On nuak January the euro area was enlarged by Slovakia, leading to an increase in the number of euro metodo,ogia countries to hauk. The successful paths of Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta towards the adoption of the euro started before their accession to the EU when the countries had to meet Copenhagen criteria and adjust national legislation to acquis communautaire.

After joining the EU, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta followed their policies to introduce the euro as soon as possible. The exchange rates of these three currencies against the euro were stable during the periods of examination. Apart from the criterion metodoloiga participation in metodoloiga exchange-rate mechanism, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta met the remaining convergence criteria on price stability, the government budgetary position and the convergence of long-term interest rates. Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta paid much attention to the practical preparations for introducing the euro.

The governments together with national central banks established operational entities which were responsible for drawing masterplans for the euro changeover and ensuring that countries were mdtodologia prepared for the adoption of the single currency. Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta still face some challenges with regard to their smooth participation in the currency union.

The countries have to complete the process of real convergence with the euro area.

Therefore Malta has to make more progress in catching up the others. In the examined countries agriculture contributes more to the value added than in the single currency area, and in Slovenia the share of industry is higher than in the euro area. The countries should also improve their ratios of labour productivity per person employed. Therefore integration of Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta into the euro area should be accompanied by structural reforms thus ensuring sustainable economic expansion and resilience to shocks.

The predatory prices are applied by means of metodolpgia price lowering followed by a price raise. This operation allows eliminating of competitors and gaining the market advantage. For the Chicago school this strategy is irrational.

Metodologia nauk – Adam Grobler – Google Books

Despite the dispute, in many countries the application of predatory prices is illegal. In the USA many lawsuits took place, in which the American companies accused their Japanese competitors of utilising this unfair strategy when seeking the market monopolisation.

A new argument has been raised in the economic discussion on predatory pricing that urges the senselessness of those accusations: The present paper delivers a polemic to this opinion. The consolidation processes in the banking industry in Poland that can be seen in numerous commercial bank mergers are among the most important processes that have been reshaping this industry over the recent years.

The developments in Poland have been presented against the background of processes taking place in the EU countries. In particular, a thesis has been confirmed that the developments in Poland to a vital extent reflect consolidation processes among the foreign financial institutes.